The Origin of Kuwait

The importance of the Arabian Gulf and Kuwait in history and in the international relations and international trade in particular stretches back to the old distant ages. The present land of Kuwait was located within the Arabian middle lands of the State of Kendah which emerged during the period from the third to the fifth centuries A.D.

The archeological excavation commenced by the effort of the Danish mission in Failaka Island in 1958 proved that an ancient historical civilization existed in Kuwait. The present land of the State of Kuwait is connected in the west to the Arabian Peninsula which is an inseparable part of it. Also from the sea side, it forms a part of the Arabian Gulf Coast. On that basis, the ancient and middle history are firmly related to the Arabian Peninsula, its residents and the Gulf area.


Kuwait Rulers’ History

Rulers’ History

Al Otob tribe fled to State of Kuwait away from the terrible drought which perished the Arab Peninsula. They chose Sabah bin Jaber as their governor in 1756. As time passed, the small town of Kuwait benefited from its location overlooking the head of the Arabian Gulf and thrived through trade, fishing and pearl fishery. Hence, Kuwait became one of the most prosperous countries in the region. Since 1756, fourteen rulers from Al Sabah family ruled Kuwait.


Currency Of Kuwait

The unit of currency in Kuwait is the Kuwaiti Dinar (KD), divided into one thousand Fils. Currency notes are issued by the Central Bank of Kuwait in the following denominations: quarter Dinar, half Dinar, one Dinar, five Dinars, ten Dinars and twenty Dinars.


Democracy and the Constitution

Kuwait adopted democracy and Shoura to be the principles of running the country's affairs. Democracy, which is based on public participation, serves justice and provides security for both ruler and subjects.

Kuwait's democracy march started on February 22, 1921 when the country's dignitaries met the ruling Sabah family demanding greater participation in running the country. As a result of the meeting, the first Shoura (consultative) council was established in June 1921, paving the way for a greater a reformist steps which are the establishment of the first and second Legislative Councils in 1938 and 1939.